Plants and Habitats of European Cities

John G. Kelcey and Norbert Müller (Eds.(, Verlag Springer, New York 2011. 685p., ISBN: 978-0-387-89684-7

Plants and Habitats of European Cities contains details of sixteen cities in the European peninsula from Almeria to St. Petersburg and from Sofia to London. The chapters start with a description of the natural features and history of the cities and then consider how urbanization has affected the environment (for example, pollution, the heat island effect and climatic changes). The recorded botanical history of the city is followed by an account of the flora, which is mainly concerned with flowering plants and ferns. Where there is sufficient information the chapters include summary descriptions of the algae, bryophytes, lichens and fungi. The plant communities and species composition of the major natural and semi-natural habitats are described and followed by accounts of the species found in more typical urban habitats. These include housing areas of different types and densities, industrial zones, unused and previously developed land, parks, cemeteries, allotments and similar habitats, transport routes (for example railway land and road verges) and various aquatic habitats including rivers and flooded mineral workings. Plants and Habitats of European Cities is another important step towards the full understanding of the natural history of European cities. It is unique in describing, for the first time in a single volume, the flora and plant communities that occur in some of the major European cities. The authors are leading experts on urban botany and of the flora of the cities about which they have written. The book has been written and edited to be accessible to a wide range of interests and expertise including academic botanists and ecologists, landscape architects, planners, urban designers, ordinary people with an interest in natural history in general and botany in particular, undergraduates and other students not only in Europe but throughout the world. About the Editors: John G. Kelcey is not an academic but a practitioner. After graduating in Botany and Geology from the University of Manchester, Britain, he was appointed the ecologist of Milton Keynes Development Corporation a new town for 250,000 people, which was promoted by the British Government. Subsequently he became an ecological consultant and advisor and carried out ecological assessments of major development projects including housing schemes, commercial and retail developments, mainly in urban areas. During this time he was a member of nine professional institutions and several learned societies in Europe. Norbert Müller is a vegetation ecologist and Professor in the University of Applied Sciences Erfurt, Germany, holding the chair of the Department Landscape Management and Restoration Ecology. Within his main research fields, urban biodiversity and conservation biology, he studied flora and vegetation of several large cities in Asia, Europe, North America and South Africa. He is responsible for URBIO - a worldwide scientific network with the aim of promoting urban biodiversity through a continuing dialogue with the Convention on Biological Diversity.

mehr: www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/book/978-0-387-89683-0

Urban Biodiversity and Design

Norbert Müller, Peter Werner, J.G. Kelcey, published by Wiley-Blackwell, April 2010, 648 p., ISBN: 978-1-4443-3266-7, hardback € 115,--, paperback € 62.90

With the continual growth of the world's urban population, biodiversity in towns and cities will play a critical role in global biodiversity. This is the first book to provide an overview of international developments in urban biodiversity and sustainable design. It brings together the views, experiences and expertise of leading scientists and designers from the industrialised and pre-industrialised countries from around the world. The contributors explore the biological, cultural and social values of urban biodiversity, including methods for assessing and evaluating urban biodiversity, social and educational issues, and practical measures for restoring and maintaining biodiversity in urban areas. Contributions come from presenters at an international scientific conference held in Erfurt, Germany 2008 during the 9th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biodiversity. This is also Part of our Conservation Science and Practice book series (with Zoological Society of London).

more: www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/product/Cd-144433266X.html

Urban Herpetology (copy 1)

J. C. Mitchell, R. E. Jung Brown and B. Bartholomew (ed.),  Salt Lake City 2008, SSAR-Books, ISBN Number:   0916984796 / 9780916984793, $ 75,--

Human impacts on herpetofauna have been pervasive for millennia largely through direct persecution of amphibians and reptiles for food or out of fear and through habitat alteration through agriculture. Only since the start of the industrial age has urbanization caused essentially permanent loss of natural habitats and the subsequent impacts on these animals. Herpetologists in some parts of the world, notably Europe, Russia, Australia, and the United States have actively engaged in research to elucidate the impacts of this human-generated phenomenon. Yet, the pervasiveness and rate of urban sprawl is progressing at such a rapid pace that we have been unable to ameliorate or prevent population extirpations and species declines. This, we believe, is partly a consequence of the lack of recognition of urban herpetology as a fruitful and critical endeavor. Our aim in this book is to show that studies of amphibians and reptiles in urban systems have much to offer scientists, conservation biologists, and land managers. We asked colleagues from countries around the world to submit original research papers or reviews on a wide variety of topics related to urban herpetology to illustrate this perception. The resulting 40 chapters and 13 case studies in this book will, we hope, set the stage for future research and conservation efforts around the world.

more: www.ssarbooks.com/?page=shop/flypage&CLSN_3147=1241520636314712fcff7289019c8e3chttp://www.www.ssarbooks.com/

Stadt - Kultur - Landschaft (copy 1)

Hrsg.: Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU) u.a., 2009

Documentation of an international meeting concerning historical and urban countrysides and the possibilities of keeping them for the communal and regional development, 12. und 13. February 2009 in Osnabrück.

more: www.dbu.de/550artikel28403_135.html

Urban Wildlife Management (copy 2)

Clark E. Adams and Kieran J. Lindsey

2. edition, CRC Press 2009, 403 p., ca. 74,- € 

INTRODUCTION: A NEW WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT PARADIGMA

with following sections: Snapshot of the Urban Wildlife Management Landscape, The Need for a Comprehensive Treatment of Urban Wildlife Management, Understanding and Meeting the Future Challenges of Wildlife Management

SECTION I - URBAN LANDSCAPES

Wildlife Management: Past and Present, A Brief History of Wildlife Management in North America, Changing Wildlife Values, Special Challenges for Wildlife Management within Urban Settings, The Separation of People and Wildlife, The Need for Public Education Programs about Urban Wildlife,

SECTION II - URBAN ECOSYSTEMS

Ecosystem Principles Structure, Functions, and Services, Ecological Principles, Ecosystem Services, Survival, Adaptations, Density, Factors Affecting Population Densities; Effects of Habitat Fragmentation, Supplemental Feeding,

SECTION III - URBAN HABITATS AND HAZARDS

Special Habitat Considerations - Green Spaces, Remnant Habitat Patches, Successional Habitat Patches, Managed Habitat Patches, Urban Streams and Soils, The Water Cycle

SECTION IV - SOCIOPOLITICAL ISSUES

Human Dimensions in Urban Wildlife ManagementThe "People Factor," Conducting Human

more: www.nhbs.com/urban_wildlife_management_tefno_141900.html&tab_tag=desc

Urban Biodiversity and Design

Norbert Müller, Peter Werner, J.G. Kelcey, published by Wiley-Blackwell, April 2010, 648 p., ISBN: 978-1-4443-3266-7, hardback € 92,--, paperback € 50.32

With the continual growth of the world's urban population, biodiversity in towns and cities will play a critical role in global biodiversity. This is the first book to provide an overview of international developments in urban biodiversity and sustainable design. It brings together the views, experiences and expertise of leading scientists and designers from the industrialised and pre-industrialised countries from around the world. The contributors explore the biological, cultural and social values of urban biodiversity, including methods for assessing and evaluating urban biodiversity, social and educational issues, and practical measures for restoring and maintaining biodiversity in urban areas. Contributions come from presenters at an international scientific conference held in Erfurt, Germany 2008 during the 9th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biodiversity. This is also Part of our Conservation Science and Practice book series (with Zoological Society of London).

more: www.eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/product/Cd-144433266X.html

Urban Wildlife Management

Clark E. Adams and Kieran J. Lindsey

2. edition, CRC Press 2009, 403 p., ca. 74,- € 

INTRODUCTION: A NEW WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT PARADIGMA

with following sections: Snapshot of the Urban Wildlife Management Landscape, The Need for a Comprehensive Treatment of Urban Wildlife Management, Understanding and Meeting the Future Challenges of Wildlife Management

SECTION I - URBAN LANDSCAPES

Wildlife Management: Past and Present, A Brief History of Wildlife Management in North America, Changing Wildlife Values, Special Challenges for Wildlife Management within Urban Settings, The Separation of People and Wildlife, The Need for Public Education Programs about Urban Wildlife,

SECTION II - URBAN ECOSYSTEMS

Ecosystem Principles Structure, Functions, and Services, Ecological Principles, Ecosystem Services, Survival, Adaptations, Density, Factors Affecting Population Densities; Effects of Habitat Fragmentation, Supplemental Feeding,

SECTION III - URBAN HABITATS AND HAZARDS

Special Habitat Considerations - Green Spaces, Remnant Habitat Patches, Successional Habitat Patches, Managed Habitat Patches, Urban Streams and Soils, The Water Cycle

SECTION IV - SOCIOPOLITICAL ISSUES

Human Dimensions in Urban Wildlife ManagementThe "People Factor," Conducting Human

more: www.nhbs.com/urban_wildlife_management_tefno_141900.html&tab_tag=desc

Stadt - Kultur - Landschaft

Hrsg.: Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU) u.a., 2009

Documentation of an international meeting concerning historical and urban countrysides and the possibilities of keeping them for the communal and regional development, 12. und 13. February 2009 in Osnabrück.

more: www.dbu.de/550artikel28403_135.html

Biological Diversity and Cities

A Review and Bibliography, Peter Werner und Rudolf Zahner, In: Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bfn-Skripten 245, 2009

In the field of cities there exist already numerous publications on investigations and inventories of animal and plant species and their habitats in cities. However, a qualified overview on the worldwide, current state of knowledge about the role of urban regions for the consevation of biological diversity as input for the technical and political discussion was missing until now.
This review provides both a technical and a discussion basis on importance, conservation and safeguarding of biological diversity in cities. At the same time this study contributes to the further support of the German National Strategy on Biological Diversity.

more: http://www.bfn.de/0502_siedlung.html?&no_cache=1

Tiere in der Stadt

Informations about modern urban history, publisher: Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik, Heft 2/2009, 124 p., price € 10,--, subscription a year €16,--

more: http://new.difu.de/publikationen/difu-berichte-42009/tiere-in-der-stadt.html

Urban Herpetology

J. C. Mitchell, R. E. Jung Brown and B. Bartholomew (ed.),  Salt Lake City 2008, SSAR-Books, ISBN Number:   0916984796 / 9780916984793, $ 75,--

Human impacts on herpetofauna have been pervasive for millennia largely through direct persecution of amphibians and reptiles for food or out of fear and through habitat alteration through agriculture. Only since the start of the industrial age has urbanization caused essentially permanent loss of natural habitats and the subsequent impacts on these animals. Herpetologists in some parts of the world, notably Europe, Russia, Australia, and the United States have actively engaged in research to elucidate the impacts of this human-generated phenomenon. Yet, the pervasiveness and rate of urban sprawl is progressing at such a rapid pace that we have been unable to ameliorate or prevent population extirpations and species declines. This, we believe, is partly a consequence of the lack of recognition of urban herpetology as a fruitful and critical endeavor. Our aim in this book is to show that studies of amphibians and reptiles in urban systems have much to offer scientists, conservation biologists, and land managers. We asked colleagues from countries around the world to submit original research papers or reviews on a wide variety of topics related to urban herpetology to illustrate this perception. The resulting 40 chapters and 13 case studies in this book will, we hope, set the stage for future research and conservation efforts around the world.

more: www.ssarbooks.com/?page=shop/flypage&CLSN_3147=1241520636314712fcff7289019c8e3chttp://www.www.ssarbooks.com/

Urban Ecology

An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature
Marzluff, J.; Shulenberger, E.; Endlicher, W.; Alberti, M.; Bradley, G.; Ryan, C.; Simon, U.; ZumBrunnen, C. (Eds.)
2008, XXVI, 808 p. 149 illus., Hardcover
ISBN: 978-0-387-73411-8

Urban Ecology is the study of ecosystems that include humans living in cities and urbanizing landscapes. It is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems and help societies with their efforts to become more sustainable. It has deep roots in many disciplines including sociology, geography, urban planning, landscape architecture, engineering, economics, anthropology, climatology, public health, and ecology. Because of its interdisciplinary nature and unique focus on humans and natural systems, the term "urban ecology" has been used variously to describe the study of humans in cities, of nature in cities, and of the coupled relationships between humans and nature. Each of these research areas is contributing to our understanding of urban ecosystems and each must be understood to fully grasp the science of Urban Ecology. Therefore, in Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature, we introduce students and practitioners of urban ecology to its roots, bases, and prospects by way of a diverse collection of historical and modern foundational readings. The editors are urban ecologists from the United States, Italy, and Germany who together view these readings as a fair representation of the importance of both natural and social sciences to Urban Ecology.

This book presents important papers in the field of Urban Ecology that both set the foundations for the discipline and to illustrate modern approaches, from a variety of perspectives and regions of the world. The editors do this by reprinting important publications, filling gaps in the published literature with a few targeted original works, and translating several key works originally published in German. The aim of this collection is to provide students, practitioners, and professionals with a rich background in some of the core facets of Urban Ecology.

Advances in Urban Ecology

Integrating Humans and Ecological Processes in Urban Ecosystems Alberti, Marina 2008, XVIII, 366 p. 77 illus., 10 in color., Hardcover
ISBN: 978-0-387-75509-0

The future of Earth’s ecosystems is increasingly influenced by the pace and patterns of urbanization. One of the greatest challenges for natural and social scientists is to understand how urbanizing regions evolve through the complex interactions between humans and ecological processes. Questions and methods of inquiry specific to our traditional disciplinary domains yield partial views that reflect different epistemologies and understandings of the world. In order to achieve the level of synthesis required to see the urban ecosystem as a whole we must change the way we pose questions and search for answers.

Cities are the result of human and ecological processes occurring simultaneously in time and in space and the legacy of the simultaneous processes of the past. Urban ecology is the study of the co-evolution of human-ecological systems. Scholars of both urban systems and ecology must challenge the assumptions and world views within their disciplines and work towards a hybrid theory that builds on multiple world views.

The synthesis of research findings provided in this book is a first step towards articulating the challenge for scholars of urban ecosystems; it leads the way toward the integration we must achieve if we are to better understand and solve emerging issues in urban ecosystems.

Marina Alberti is Associate Professor in the Department of Urban Design and Planning and Director of the Urban Ecology Research at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington.
http://www.urbaneco.washingtion.edu

Liveable Cities: The Benefits of Urban Environmental Planning

From the use of horse-drawn carriages to solve public transport shortage in Bayamo, Cuba to an emissions trading scheme in Taiyuan, China, cities around the world are providing inspiring examples in the global quest for sustainability and the fight against climate change. The report “Liveable Cities: The Benefits of Urban Environmental Planning”, published by UNEP, Cities Alliance and ICLEI, showcases 12 examples of cities around the world. It explores various options for sustainable urban development ranging from practical tools and comprehensive policies to innovative market mechanisms, and makes a strong case for the environment as the key asset for cities.

The Cities Alliance, 2007
http://www.citiesalliance.org/index.html

 

Langner, Marcel / Endlicher, Wilfried (eds.)
Shrinking Cities: Effects on Urban Ecology and Challenges for Urban Development
Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2007. VIII, 161 pp., num. fig. and graphs
ISBN 978-3-631-56610-7 pb.
Online bestellen: www.peterlang.com
SFR 44.00 / €* 29.80 / €** 30.70 / € 27.90 / £ 18.10 / US-$ 35.95

Cities in highly industrialised countries have grown over time, yet the phenomenon of shrinking cities occurs in manyregions. Urban shrinkage has various impacts on urban ecology, which can be observed on urban brownfield sites inparticular. The integration of brownfield sites with sustainable urban development must be managed, and this presents newchallenges for urban planners. The introductory chapters of this publication give an overview of urban ecology concepts andhow research in this field is affected by urban shrinkage. The following sections are concerned with botanical aspects ofshrinking cities, perception of nature in the context of shrinkage and discussion of aspects of urban planning with reference toseveral regional examples. The book concludes with an examination of urban shrinkage during the life cycles of cityarchetypes.Contents: Wilfried Endlicher/Marcel Langner/Markus Hesse/Harald A. Mieg/Ingo Kowarik/Patrick Hostert/ElmarKulke/Gunnar Nützmann/Marlies Schulz/Elke van der Meer/Gerd Wessolek/Claudia Wiegand: Urban Ecology - Definitionsand Concepts - Miriam Fritsche/Marcel Langner/Hadia Köhler/Anke Ruckes/Daniela Schüler/Betka Zakirova/KatharinaAppel/Valeska Contardo-Jara/Ellen Diermayer/Mathias Hofmann/Christoph Kulemeyer/Peter Meffert/Janneke Westermann:Shrinking Cities - A New Challenge for Research in Urban Ecology - Ingeborg Schinninger/Rudolf Maier: UrbanBrownfields as Temporary Habitats: Strategies of Plants for Survival in a Changing Environment - Peter Werner: UrbanForm and Biodiversity - Tobias Chilla: Shrinking Cities - New Urban 'Socio-Natures'? - Uwe Altrock: Current Trends inUrban Regeneration and Restructuring in Germany and their Effects on Sustainability - Matthias Bernt: Six Years ofStadtumbau Ost ('Urban Restructuring East') Programme: Difficulties of Dealing with Shrinking Cities - ChristianeWestphal: Density as a Tool to Guide Urban Shrinkage Concerning Public Works? - Stefanie Rößler: Shrinking Cities -Opportunities and Challenges for Urban Green Space Planning: Experiences at the Large Housing Estate of Leipzig-Grünau -André Mulder: Trams and the Regeneration of Brownfield Sites - Susan C. Wessman: Urban Shrinking in the Life Cycles ofCity Archetypes.The Editors: Marcel Langner was born 1973 in Mutlangen (Germany). He studied geoecology at the University of Karlsruhe(TH) between 1994 and 2000. Marcel Langner has been a postdoctoral fellow of the Research Training Group(Graduiertenkolleg) «Urban Ecology» for two years, since receiving his Ph.D. with a thesis titled «Roadside Norway Maple(Acer platanoides) - an Efficient Sink for PM10?» in 2005 at the University of Karlsruhe (TH). He currently works in theDepartment of Geography at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.Winfried Endlicher was born 1947 in Heidenheim an der Brenz (Germany). He studied geography, meteorology, remotesensing and romance languages at the Universities of Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany) and Grenoble (France) between 1969and 1975. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1979 at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau. Winfried Endlicher has been a visitinglecturer at the University of Concepción (Chile) between 1982 and 1984 and the University of Florida in Gainesville (USA)between 1987 and 1988. He was Professor of Geoecology at the University of Marburg (Germany) between 1988 and 1998and is now Professor of Climatology and Atmospheric Environmental Research at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Stadtnatur. Eine neue Heimat für Tiere und Pflanzen.

Josef H. Reichholf
 

2007 oekom Verlag, Gesellschaft für ökologische Kommunikation mbH, München

ISBN 978-3-86581-042-7
 

Füchse im Englischen Garten in München, Wildschweine im Berliner Villenviertel, Waschbären auf Kasseler Dachböden – die Meldungen über ungewöhnliche Gäste in den Städten häufen sich. Dass dahinter mehr steckt, als eigenartige Zufälle, belegt dieses Buch: Für Tiere und Pflanzen wird der urbane Lebensraum zunehmend attraktiv. In einem Umland der Monotonie – geschaffen durch die moderne Landwirtschaft – werden Städte zu Inseln der Artenvielfalt: So leben in Berlin mittlerweile mehr Nachtigallen als in ganz Bayern. In einigen Städten finden sich doppelt so viele Wildpflanzenarten wie in ihrem Umland. Während die Städter raus in die „Natur" fahren, flieht die Natur in die Stadt. Hier ist sie inzwischen vielfältiger und weniger bedroht als jenseits der Stadtgrenzen.

In Streifzügen durch unsere nächste Umgebung erschließt dieses Buch dem Leser ein bislang unbekanntes Terrain: die „Stadtnatur". Über unsere Mitbewohner, die Tiere und Pflanzen, erzählt es überraschende Geschichten und liefert das neueste Wissen. Zahlreiche farbige Bilder und ein ausführliches Register machen das Buch zu einem praktischen Führer durch einen uns nahen und doch bislang fremd gebliebenen Lebensraum.

Metropolitane Parklandschaften - Der Englischen Garten in München im Wandel

Von Lars Imwolde

¤ 21,– €, ISBN 978-3-939486-21-3, 128 Seiten,
16 x24 cm, zahlr. Fotografien, Broschur
Verlag & Versandbuchhandlung Dorothea Rohn,
Tel. (0231) 55 13 38

Wenn Sie online bestellen möchten, genügt eine E-Mail mit Angaben zum Titel und Ihrer Anschrift:
bestellung@rohn-verlag.de

Im Kontext von Individualisierung und Pluralisierung hat sich eine Freizeitkultur entwickelt, die besondere Ansprüche an urbane Räume stellt. Parklandschaften von der Qualität des Englischen Gartens in München oder dem im Exkurs vorgestellten Central Park in New York weisen hierfür ein großes Potenzial auf.

Im ersten Teil des Buches werden theoretische Grundlagen zum Thema „Freizeit“ vorgestellt.Von Bedeutung für die Arbeit ist dabei die Verknüpfung sozialwissenschaftlicher Ansätze aus der Lebensstilforschung mit einem Modell zur Identitätskonstruktion nach H. Keupp.

Der Autor untersucht im zweiten, empirischen Teil des Buchs, wie moderne Freizeitmilieus durch ihre freizeitkulturellen Präsentationsformen und Aktionsmuster den traditionsreichen Englischen Garten prägen. Damit zeigt der Autor eine Entwicklung auf, die für die Gestaltung moderner Kulturlandschaften zunehmend wichtig wird.

Lars Imwolde, Jahrgang 1974, ist Dipl.-Ing. Raumplanung. Er war von 2001 bis 2003 für die GLS Bank in den Bereichen Marketing und Organisation tätig. Anschließend hat er für das Beratungsunternehmen IFOK im Regionalen Dialogforum Flughafen Frankfurt/M. gearbeitet. Seit 2005 berät er den Westfalenpark Dortmund im BMBF-Forschungsprojekt ›Nachhaltige Stadtparks‹ und promoviert an der Universität Dortmund.

The Humane Metropolis: People and Nature in the 21st-Century City with DVD:

People and Nature in the Twenty-first Century City (Published in Association with the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy) (Taschenbuch)

Rutherford H. Platt (Herausgeber).

326 S., University of Massachusetts Press, Auflage: Pap/DVD (September 2006)

ISBN-10: 1558495541, 23,50 €

Biotopverbundplanung in Stuttgart – Ziele, Vorgehen, Umsetzung

Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart, Amt für Umweltschutz

Schriftenreihe des Amtes für Umweltschutz – Heft 1/2006

ISSN 1438-3918

Gegen eine Schutzgebühr von 7 € erhältlich beim Amt für Umweltschutz, Gaisburgstraße 4, 70182 Stuttgart

Auszug aus dem Vorwort:

Mit diesem nun vorliegenden Heft „Biotopverbundplanung in Stuttgart“ werden Leitbilder und Entwicklungsziele der Biotopverbundplanung in Stuttgart vorgestellt. Es wird das Vorgehen in der Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart dokumentiert und über konkrete Erfahrungen und Erfolge bei der Umsetzung der Biotopverbundplanung in den Bezirken berichtet. Der Bericht geht auf den Planungsrahmen für die Biotopvernetzung in den kartierten Gebieten ein und stellt Maßnahmenempfehlungen für charakteristische Lebensraumtypen des Stadtgebiets vor. Planwerk, Methodik und Inhalt werden exemplarisch anhand von Planausschnitten und am Beispiel eines Stadtbezirkes erläutert.

City and Environment

by Christopher Boone & Ali Modarres

Temple University Press, 2006, 240 pp. $ 24.95

ISBN: 1-59213-284-7

Publishers Description

For the first time in history, more than half the people of the world live in cities. Comprehending the impact of this widespread urbanization requires an awareness of the complex relationships between cities and natural ecosystems. This innovative book moves beyond the anti-urban lamentations that often dominate today's academic discourse to examine the evolution of cities and to illuminate the roles that humans play in shaping their environments, both natural and constructed.

Christopher G. Boone and Ali Modarres argue that understanding the multiple forces of urbanization requires a holistic approach to the interactions of social, cultural, economic, political, and environmental factors. Without casting judgments, City and Environment seeks to engage readers in an exploration of cities from a truly global perspective. Throughout, it illuminates the social-ecological systems of cities not as an academic exercise—although informing academic audiences is one of its goals—but ultimately to help transform cities into livable and ecologically sustainable environments.
Christopher G. Boone is Associate Professor and holds joint appointments in the Global Institute of Sustainability as well as the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University.
Ali Modarres is the Associate Director of the Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs and a Professor in the Department of Geography and Urban Analysis at California State University, Los Angeles.

 

Flora der Stadt Leipzig einschließlich Markkleeberg

von Peter Gutte

Weissdorn-Verlag Jena, 2006 - 278 S., €19.90 ISBN: 3936055505

Verlagsangaben

Der Autor hat die Ergebnisse seiner über 40-jährigen floristischen Tätigkeit in der "Flora der Stadt Leipzig einschließlich Markkleeberg" zusammengefasst. Alle bisher im Gebiet gefundenen einheimischen, eingebürgerten oder nur kurzzeitig eingeschleppten bzw. verwilderten Gefäßpflanzen wurden aufgelistet. Insgesamt werden 2165 Arten und Bastarde genannt. Von allen Arten sind neben den wissenschaftlichen und deutschen Namen Angaben zum Standort, Häufigkeit und Gefährdungsgrad aufgeführt. Die zahlreichen Fundortangaben ermöglichen das Auffinden der Pflanzen im Gelände. Mitteilungen zum erst- oder letztmaligen Auffinden der Arten sowie zum Vorkommen in der Umgebung von Leipzig ergänzen die Angaben. Im einleitenden Text erfährt der Leser Wissenswertes über die Vegetation im Stadtgebiet und die Geschichte der floristischen Erforschung Leipzigs sowie zu den Bearbeitern der Flora. Im Anhang finden sich ein umfangreiches Literaturverzeichnis und eine Liste von nur sehr selten auf Adventivfundplätzen aufgetretenen Arten. 56 Bilder illustrieren die "Flora".

Dr. Peter Gutte war ehemaliger Kustos des Botanischen Gartens und Dozent am Institut für Botanik der Universität Leipzig

Green Cities: Urban Growth and the Environment 

by Matthew E. Kahn

Brookings Institution Press, 2006, 160 pp., Paperback $ 18.95

ISBN: 0815748159

Publishers Description

What ist a grenn city? What does it mean to say that San Francisco oder Vancouver ist more "green" than Houston of Beijing? When does urban growth lower environmental quality, and when does it yield environmental gains? How can cities deal with the environmental challenges posed by growth? These are the questions Matthew Kahn takes ohn in this smart and engaging book.

Matthew E. Kahn ist associate professor of international economics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

 

 

Land of Sunshine: A Environmental History of Greater Los Angeles (History of the Urban Environment)

by William Deverell & Greg Hise (ed.)

University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006, 360 pp., $ 25.95

ISBN: 0822959399

Publishers Description
Most people equate Los Angeles with smog, sprawl, forty suburbs in search of a city-the great "what-not-to-do" of twentieth-century city building. But there's much more to LA's story than this shallow stereotype. History shows that Los Angeles was intensely, ubiquitously planned. The consequences of that planning-the environmental history of urbanism--is one place to turn for the more complex lessons LA has to offer. Working forward from ancient times and ancient ecologies to the very recent past, Land of Sunshine is a fascinating exploration of the environmental history of greater Los Angeles. Rather than rehearsing a litany of errors or insults against nature, rather than decrying the lost opportunities of "roads not taken," these essays, by nineteen leading geologists, ecologists, and historians, instead consider the changing dynamics both of the city and of nature. In the nineteenth century, for example, "density" was considered an evil, and reformers struggled mightily to move the working poor out to areas where better sanitation and flowers and parks "made life seem worth the living." We now call that vision "sprawl," and we struggle just as much to bring middle-class people back into the core of American cities. There's nothing natural, or inevitable, about such turns of events. It's only by paying very close attention to the ways metropolitan nature has been constructed and construed that meaningful lessons can be drawn. History matters. So here are the plants and animals of the Los Angeles basin, its rivers and watersheds. Here are the landscapes of fact and fantasy, the historical actors, events, and circumstances that have proved transformative over and over again. The result is a nuanced and rich portrait of Los Angeles that will serve planners, communities, and environmentalists as they look to the past for clues, if not blueprints, for enhancing the quality and viability of cities.

William Deverell, professor of history at the University of Southern California and director of the Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West.

Greg Hise is an urban historian in the School of Policy, Planning, Development at the University of Southern California.

Making contracts work for wildlife: how to encourage biodiversity in urban parks

by the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CBAE)

 

White Oak Press, 2006, 63 pp.

ISBN: 1-84633-007-6

Description by CABE
Today, more than ever before, we understand that promoting biodiversity in our parks is not something that we can just leave to chance. Rather than letting nature take its course, parks need careful day-to-day management to deliver environments where nature can flourish. Making contracts work for wildlife advises green space professionals on how to make the most of the potential for biodiversity in our urban parks. And it shows how the commitment of individuals and employers can make the difference between failure and inspiring success.

Contents
Foreword
Introduction
Approach 1: risk assessment
Richmond Park, London
The values of biodiversity
Approach 2: natural colonisation 1 5
Südgelände Natur-Park, Berlin
The basics of biodiversity 1 6
How can we achieve biodiverse green spaces? 21
What do we do now and how could it change? 23
Approach 3: sustainable drainage 25
Sutcliffe Park, London
The context of biodiversity 26
Case studies 29
Borough of Telford & Wrekin, West Midlands 30
Southend-on-Sea Borough Council, South East 32
Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, North West 34
Chester-le-Street District Council, North East 36
Green Estate Ltd, Sheffield, Yorkshire and the Humber 38
London Borough of Wandsworth 40
Municipality of Enköping, Sweden 42
How can we make contracts work for wildlife? 44
The building blocks of biodiversity 46
Conclusion 55
Relevant legislation and policy documents 56
Further reading 58
Contacts and further information 59
Glossary 60
Acknowledgements 62

Stadtfüchse. Ein Wildtier erobert den Siedlungsraum (Broschiert)
von Sandra Gloor, Fabio Bontadina, Daniel Hegglin

Haupt; 2006, 189 Seiten, 23,50 €

ISBN: 325807030X

 

Beschreibung
Ein Fuchs im Stadtgarten! Fuchsspuren auf dem Sportplatz! Auf den ersten Blick sind wir sehr verwundert, vielleicht sogar beunruhigt, doch an die Nähe des Rotfuchses müssen wir uns wohl gewöhnen. Die Population des Rotfuchses (Vulpes vulpes) hat in den letzten 20 Jahren stark zugenommen – und vor allem hat der Fuchs den Lebensraum Stadt für sich entdeckt. Damit stellt sich die Frage des Zusammenlebens von Fuchs und Mensch auf eine ganz neue Weise.

Vor zehn Jahren begann ein Forschungsprojekt in Zürich, sich mit allen möglichen Themen rund um die zunehmenden Fuchsbestände zu beschäftigen, und nahm insbesondere die Stadtfüchse unter die Lupe. Wo leben die Füchse in der Stadt? Wie ernähren sie sich? Wie ziehen sie ihre Jungtiere auf? Bedeuten Füchse auf Spielplätzen und in Gärten eine Gefährdung für Menschen und Haustiere?

Dieses reich bebilderte Buch stellt den Nachbarn Fuchs umfassend dar und beantwortet alle Fragen, die sich durch das nahe Zusammenleben stellen.

Suburban Safari: A Year on the Lawn
by Hannah Holmes

Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, 2006. 272 pp., Paperback $ 14.95
ISBN: 1596910917

From Publishers Weekly

Science writer Holmes spent a year investigating her suburban lawn with the same sense of discovery with which she has explored natural wonders in exotic locales. And natural wonders are indeed revealed within the lawn: the complex and interconnected lives of humming birds, crows, insects, chipmunks, squirrels, earthworms, grasses, clover, trees, and more. The book is divided into sections by season, and Holmes's enlightening and entertaining observations are supplemented with information from the biologists, botanists, entomologists, and ecologists she invites over. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Hannah Holmes is the author of The Secret Life of Dust and Suburban Safari. Her science and travel writing has appeared in publications including the New York Times Magazine, Outside, Sierra, and the Los Angeles Times Magazine.

The Humane Metropolis: People and Nature in the Twenty-First Century City

by Rutherford H. Platt

University of Massachusetts Press, 2006, 368 pp., Paperback $ 27.95
ISBN: 1558495541

Included in the back of the book ist a DVD a 22 minute film created by Ted White, which serves as a companion to the text.

Publishers Description
This book explores the prospects for a more humane metropolis through a series of essays and case studies that consider why and how urban places can be made greener and more amenable. Its point of departure is the legacy of William H. Whyte (1917-1999), one of America’s most admired urban thinkers. From his eyrie high above Manhattan in the offices of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Whyte laid the foundation for today’s "smart growth" and "new urbanist" movements with books such as The Last Landscape (1968). His passion for improving the habitability of cities and suburbs is reflected in the diverse grassroots urban design and regreening strategies discussed in this volume.
Topics examined in this book include urban and regional greenspaces, urban ecological restoration, social equity, and green design. Some of the contributors are recognized academic experts, while others offer direct practical knowledge of particular problems and initiatives. The editor’s introduction and epilogue set the individual chapters in a broader context and suggest how the strategies described, if widely replicated, may help create more humane urban environments.
In addition to Rutherford H. Platt, contributors to the volume include Carl Anthony, Thomas Balsley, Timothy Beatley, Eugenie L. Birch, Edward J. Blakely, Colin M. Cathcart, Steven E. Clemants, Christopher A. De Sousa, Steven N. Handel, Peter Harnik, Michael C. Houck, Jerold S. Kayden, Albert LaFarge, Andrew Light, Charles E. Little, Anne C. Lusk, Thalya Parilla, Deborah E. Popper, Frank J. Popper, Mary V. Rickel, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Robert L. Ryan, Laurin N. Sievert, Andrew G. Wiley-Schwartz, and Ann Louise Strong.

Rutherford H. Platt is a professor of geography and planning law in the Department of Geosciences and the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

The Nature of Cities: Culture, Landscape, and Urban Space (Studies in Comparative History)
by Andrew C. Isenberg (ed.)

University of Rochester Press, 2006, 224 pp., $ 75.00
ISBN: 1580462200

Publishers Description
This volume explores the intersection of cities and the natural environment in an array of urban places, including New York, London, New Orleans, Venice, and Seattle, across a broad period from the late Renaissance to the present. The essays investigate the ecological context of revolts-both real and imagined-by urban squatters and slaves; urban epidemics and their cultural and political consequences; the social and economic impact of natural catastrophes upon urban places; and the environmental history of the rise and fall of cities. The Nature of Cities brings together the work of scholars employing new methods of research in urban and environmental history.

Contents
Introduction: New Directions in Urban Environmental History
Andrew C. Isenberg
1 Part 1: Urban Spaces, Death, and the Body
2 New Orleans's Phantom Slave Insurrection of 1853: Racial Anxiety, Urban Ecology, and Human Bodies as Public Spaces
Ari Kelman
3 Green Space and Class in Imperial London
Peter Thorsheim
4 The War on Rats vs. The Right to Keep Chickens: Plague and the Paving of San Francisco, 1907-1908
Joanna L. Dyl
5 Dead Bodies in Harlem: Environmental History and the Geography of Death
Ellen Stroud
6 Part II: The Geography of Power and Consumption
7 Friend or Flood? The Dilemmas of Water Management in Early Modern Venice
Karl Appuhn
8 Banking on Sacramento: Urban Development, Flood Control, and Political Legitimization, 1848-1862
Andrew C. Isenberg
9 Fair Play: Outdoor Recreation and Environmental Inequality in Twentieth-Century Seattle
Matthew Klingle
10 Part III: Cities Deconstructed
11 The Palenque Paradox: Bush Cities, Bushmen, and the Bush
Emmanuel Kreike
12 "Paris et le désert français": Urban and Rural Environments in Post-World War II France
Sara Pritchard 

Andrew C. Isenberg is an environmental historian and Associate Professor and Chair at the Temple University, Department of History.

Urban Forest Acoustics

by Voichita Bucur

Springer, Berlin New York; 2006, 81 p., 106,95 €

ISBN: 3540307834

Synopsis
Trees can reduce noise by sound reflection and absorption. Investigating noise control in urban environments. The book Urban Forest Acoustics covers the following topics:
-        dendrological characteristics of trees
-        factors affecting sound propagation in forest belts
-        equipment for in situ noise measurements
-        acoustical sensors for the measurement of tree characteristics
-        noise attenuation in situ due to the ground and scattering by trees, trunks, foliage, branches
-        protection against traffic noise from highways, railways, aircraft
-        relations between urban noise and trees, birds, and insects
-        fire control
-        economic aspects related to the value of urban trees.

The book is of particular interest to those concerned with environmental management, noise control, and urban forestry. It is an invaluable source of information for environmental managers, foresters, acousticians, engineers, architects, scientists, and students.

Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff (Gebundene Ausgabe)
by Miklas Scholz

Elsevier Science Publishing Company, 2006, 340 p., EUR 110,--

ISBN 0444527346


Publishers Description
Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff integrates natural and constructed wetlands, and sustainable drainage techniques into traditional water and wastewater systems used to treat surface runoff and associated diffuse pollution. The first part of the text introduces the fundamentals of water quality management, and water and wastewater treatment. The remaining focus of the text is on reviewing treatment technologies, disinfection issues, sludge treatment and disposal options, and current case studies related to constructed wetlands applied for runoff and diffuse pollution treatment. Professionals and students will be interested in the detailed design, operation, management, process control and water quality monitoring and applied modelling issues.

Dr Miklas Scholz is a researcher and lecturer at Edinburgh University’s School of Engineering and Electronics

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